Water Quality & Public Health Notices

Water Quality & Public Health Notices

Water Quality

During the summer months, our public swimming areas on Lake Champlain are monitored daily and tested twice a week for e-coli to ensure quality and safety. Our summer season runs from Memorial Day through Labor Day. In the off season, our beaches are monitored on an as-needed basis. Swim at your own risk at other locations along the lake. Any necessary notifications are posted on this page throughout the season. You can also follow us on Twitter and Facebook for immediate alerts and/or closures.

Sign up for VT-Alert to receive urgent alerts including beach closures, snow bans and major construction-related road closures.

Find the current Lake temperatures on the USGS website

Current Beach Status

We post the updated status of our beaches from Memorial Day to Labor Day. Following Labor Day, visit the Vermont Department of Health website for lake conditions across the state, including Lake Champlain. https://www.healthvermont.gov/health-environment/recreational-water/lake-conditions



For those that might not be familiar with our unofficial water access areas: “Texaco” is the south part of North Beach… actually newly acquired with the 311 property purchase. “Blodgett” is the sandy section south of the Barge Canal near the the HULA property. These areas are not specifically designated swim areas so they don’t get the bi-weekly e-coli tests, but we do monitor them for cyanobacteria blooms.

Past closures and previous years are archived here.


Learn more about water quality of Lake Champlain

Bi-weekly Water Tests for e-Coli

Burlington Parks, Recreation and Waterfront samples all managed swimming areas at our parks when they are open for the season. We take samples at several locations twice a week, on Monday & Thursday. Samples are sent to certified labs and results come back in 24 hours, on Tuesday & Friday. Tests are done for e-coli which is an “indicator” bacteria. It is called an indicator because while it likely does not cause sickness itself, its presence could reflect the possible presence of other sickness causing organisms. Results are a calculated count , or “most probable number” of e-coli bacteria per 100 milliliter sample. If a sample at a beach area is higher than the EPA standard of 235 e-coli per 100 milliliter sample, that area will be closed to swimming, but can remain open to other activities.  Affected sites then are tested daily and reopen to swimming once results return to acceptable levels.

For more info about healthy recreational water go to: http://healthvermont.gov/enviro/water/recwater.aspx

Daily Visual Checks for Cyanobacteria

Other safety concerns include cyanobacteria (blue-green algae)  which occurs naturally in lakes. However, under the right conditions they form large accumulations – referred to as blooms – which can release toxins, making the water unsafe for swimming. These blooms can be particularly harmful to pets, children and those with compromised immunity. Lake Champlain Committee (LCC) has developed an award-winning program to provide critical data on where and when blooms are happening. The organization works with citizens, businesses, farmers, communities, and governments to protect and restore lake health.

Our staff has been fully trained to monitor for cyanobacteria in our swimming areas.

Our procedures:

City beach staff are trained annually by the Lake Champlain Committee to be able to monitor the water on a daily basis for signs of any blooms forming. If a potential bloom is sited, the beach staff will notify the Beach Manager. The Beach Manager or one of the Assistant Manager’s will verify that it is Cyanobacteria by performing a visual inspection as well as acquiring a sample of the water into a clear container to perform a water column test. If the water in the clear vessel appears to have algae remaining only on the surface, cyanobacteria are assumed to be present. If cyanobacteria are verified by the two visual tests, beach staff will immediately start to clear the water at the affected beach and post the “Closed Due to Cyanobacteria” signs, as well as cyanobacteria information signs. The Beach Manager will notify predetermined City and State Health Department staff of the bloom and subsequent closure immediately via email. Once a bloom is detected, staff will keep monitoring the progression or regression of the bloom throughout the day.

If the bloom dissipates within the same day, the State of Vermont requires that the City wait until the next morning after 10:30am to test and confirm that the water is clear. The test for opening the beach is first a visual test; can the slime or scum like substance be seen on the water surface? If not, we utilize the Abraxis Microcystins test strips and test the water. The test will take approximately 40 minutes. Test results at 5 ppb or lower allow for the beach to be reopened.

Causes and solutions

  • Blooms are the result of long-term, wide scale nutrient inputs from all land use sectors in the Lake Champlain basin. Wastewater sources account for approximately 3% of this load.
  • Warm lake temperatures and still water can be primary triggers for cyanobacteria blooms
  • The science is clear that CSOs do not significantly increase the nutrient load that can lead to Cyanobacteria blooms.
  • Recent historical data shows that Burlington may see blooms begin as early as early July.
  • The City’s ongoing Integrated Planning efforts include several strategies to reduce nutrient inputs to Lake Champlain from urban stormwater runoff.  Some of these strategies are already under implementation, including the construction of retrofit projects to treat stormwater from City roads before it reaches the lake, and the enforcement of stormwater management requirements under the City’s Chapter 26 Ordinance for anyone looking to expand impermeable surfaces in Burlington.

Learn more:

LCC focuses on three strategic areas: clean water, a healthy lake and access to the lake. They also help monitor pollution, invasive species, bacteria, toxics, global warming and water conservation. Learn more on their website:  http://www.lakechamplaincommittee.org

CyanoTracker site for Lake Champlain and Vermont inland lakes – http://www.healthvermont.gov/tracking/cyanobacteria-tracker

Learn how to spot blue-green algae in this video:

Lake Health

You can also learn more about the health of Lake Champlain through The Lake Champlain Basin Program (LCBP) which works in partnership with government agencies from New York, Vermont, and Québec, private organizations, local communities, and individuals to coordinate and fund efforts that benefit the Lake Champlain Basin’s water quality, fisheries, wetlands, wildlife, recreation, and cultural resources. Learn more at www.lcbp.org.

Read the Lake Champlain Basin Program’s State of the Lake report. The report informs the public and resource managers about Lake Champlain’s condition, including trends in key indicators of water quality and ecosystem health.

Request a copy by contacting lcbp@lcbp.org, or head over to the online version at http://sol.lcbp.org.